Be sure to check your assignment or prompt. A basis for comparison may have to do with a theme, characteristics, or details about two different things. Keep in mind that comparing 2 things that are too similar makes it hard to write an effective paper. The goal of a comparison paper is to draw interesting parallels and help the reader realize something interesting about our world. This means your subjects must be different enough to make your argument interesting.
Research your subjects of comparison. Compare a few aspects of each topic instead of trying to cover both topics comprehensively. Research may not be required or appropriate for your particular assignment. If your comparative essay is not meant to include research, you should avoid including it.
A comparative essay about historical events, social issues, or science-related topics are more likely to require research, while a comparison of two works of literature are less likely to require research.
Develop a thesis statement. Every essay should be controlled by a clear, concise thesis statement. Even if your basis for comparison was assigned to you, you need to express in a single sentence why you are comparing the two items.
The comparison should reveal something about the nature of the items or their relationship to each other, and your thesis statement should express that argument. Before you start writing, it is best to plan out your organization strategy. A unique feature of a comparative essay is that you have several different organizational strategies to choose from. Use a traditional outline form if you would like to, but even a simple list of bulleted points in the order that you plan to present them would help.
You can also write down your main points on sticky notes or type them, print them, and then cut them out so that you can arrange and rearrange them before deciding on a final order. Use a mixed paragraphs method. Address both halves of the comparison in each paragraph. This means that the first paragraph will compare the first aspect of each subject, the second will compare the second, and so on, making sure to always address the subjects in the same order.
This method is especially recommended for lengthy essays or complicated subjects where both the writer and reader can easily become lost.
Alternate the subjects in each paragraph. Devote every other paragraph to one of the subjects. This means that the first paragraph will compare one aspect of a subject and the second, the same aspect of the other subject; the third paragraph will compare a second aspect of a subject and the fourth, the same aspect of the second subject — and so on, making sure to always address each subject in the same order.
This method is especially recommended for essays where some depth and detail are required. Engine power of vehicle X Paragraph 2: Engine power of vehicle Y Paragraph 3: Stylishness of vehicle X Paragraph 4: Stylishness of vehicle Y Paragraph 5: Safety rating of vehicle X Paragraph 6: Safety rating of vehicle Y. Cover one subject at a time thoroughly. This means that the first set of body paragraphs is devoted to addressing every aspect of the first subject and the second set, to addressing every aspect of the second subject, making sure to address each aspect in the same order.
This method is only recommended for short essays with simplistic subjects that the reader can easily remember as s he goes along. Stylishness of vehicle X Paragraph 3: Safety rating of vehicle X Paragraph 4: Engine power of vehicle Y Paragraph 5: Stylishness of vehicle Y Paragraph 6: Write your essay out of order.
In many cases, writing your essay from start to finish is harder than writing it out of order. Instead, you can opt to write your sections out of order. However, you always need to write your thesis statement before you can get started. Start your conclusion with a restatement of your thesis.
Then, write sentences about your topic, narrowing down to your thesis statement, which completes your introduction. Write the body paragraphs. Organize your paragraphs using one of the approaches listed in the "Organizing the Content" part below. Once you have defined your points of comparison, choose the structure for the body paragraphs where your comparisons go that makes the most sense for your data. Be very careful not to address different aspects of each subject.
Comparing the color of one thing to the size of another does nothing to help the reader understand how they stack up. The conclusion should open by giving a brief, general summary of the points you covered in the body paragraphs, then draw a larger conclusion about your two subjects. Try to come up with an overall theme or argument that you can refer to in each paragraph to tie everything together and make your essay more meaningful.
Featured Articles Comparative Essays. Scrivere un Saggio di Paragone e Contrasto. Pick two subjects that can be compared and contrasted. The first step to writing a successful compare and contrast essay is to pick two subjects that are different enough to be compared. There are several things to consider when choosing your subjects: For example, you could choose to compare bats and whales. One is tiny and flies, and the other is huge and swims, but they both use sonar to hunt.
You could pick two subjects that might appear to be the same but are actually different. For example, you could choose "The Hunger Games movie vs. Make sure that your subjects can be discussed in a meaningful way.
In other words, why bother putting these two things together? Take a little time to brainstorm about how your chosen subjects are similar and different. This will help you see which points are the major ones you want to focus on, and can help guide you when you formulate your thesis.
This set of overlapping circles can help you visualize where your subjects are similar and where they differ. Major points of difference are also good to note. Consider your main points. Instead, choose a few points that seem to be particularly important. These are points of comparison ways they are similar. These are points of contrast ways they are different. These points of contrast can often be good places to start thinking about your thesis, or argument.
Do these differences make one animal a superior type of pet? Or a better pet choice for a specific living situation e. Show readers why one subject is more desirable than the other. If your teacher recommends this form, go for it. However, you should be aware that especially in college, teachers and professors tend to want students to break out of this limited mode. Decide on a structure. There are several ways to organize a compare-and-contrast essay.
Which one you choose depends on what works best for your ideas. This organization deals with all of the points about Topic A, then all of the points of Topic B. For example, you could discuss all your points about frozen pizza in as many paragraphs as necessary , then all your points about homemade pizza. This type of organization switches back and forth between points. For example, you could first discuss the prices of frozen pizza vs. The disadvantage is that you do switch back and forth between topics, so you need to make sure that you use transitions and signposts to lead your reader through your argument.
This organization presents all the comparisons first, then all the contrasts. Putting the contrasts last places the emphasis on them. However, it can be more difficult for your readers to immediately see why these two subjects are being contrasted if all the similarities are first.
Outlining your essay will help you work out the main organizational structure and will give you a template to follow as you develop your ideas. No matter how you decided to organize your essay, you will still need to have the following types of paragraphs: This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted.
It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay i. These are the meat of your essay, where you provide the details and evidence that support your claims.
Each different section or body paragraph should tackle a different division of proof. It should provide and analyze evidence in order to connect those proofs to your thesis and support your thesis. Many middle-school and high-school essays may only require three body paragraphs, but use as many as is necessary to fully convey your argument. This paragraph acknowledges that other counter-arguments exist, but discusses how those arguments are flawed or do not apply.
This paragraph summarizes the evidence presented. It will restate the thesis, but usually in a way that offers more information or sophistication than the introduction could. Take it to the next level! Outline your body paragraphs based on subject-to-subject comparison.
This method of organization can be unwieldy, so if you choose it, be sure not to let your paragraphs become page-long lists of points about each subject. A subject-to-subject body paragraph outline could look like this: Body Paragraph 1 Woods: Types of Activities and Facilities Conclusion.
Outline your body paragraphs based on point-by-point comparison. This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay. For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Discuss first difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 2: Discuss second difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 3: Modern-day psychology is equipped with a wide variety of therapies, techniques, and approaches based on different models and theories of human behavior and development.
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To write a comparison or contrast essay that is easy to follow, first decide what the similarities or differences are by writing lists on scrap paper.
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Comparison essay makes comparison between two options and argues in favour of one. We bring you the best quality comparison essay help online at affordable prices/5(14K). A comparison essay (or a Compare and Contrast essay) is a commonly used type of writing assignment in various classes of high school and college, from art to science. In a comparison essay you should critically analyze any two subjects, finding and pointing out their similarities and/or differences.